Biomechanics is one of the engineering disciplines branching from physical engineering and medical engineering in the College of Engineering and this specialization is concerned with the study of human interaction with the environment and the study of the kinetic reactions that it performs to understand the mechanism it passes through and the correct movement that must be practiced.
The study of the discipline of biomechanics is constantly evolving and seeks to understand how mechanical forces affect living organisms and in the future, This specialty will become increasingly relevant in many areas of medical and biological research, This provides insights into the biomechanical behavior of cells, tissues, and organs.
And we often hear about the term mechanics, It enters into all the details of our lives, but there are many people who are ignorant of the existence of this branch and its importance and its relations with other engineering branches.
Biomechanics is one of the modern disciplines that have been developed and progress and development are still continuing in the study of this amazing specialization. Although this specialization is modern, it has spread rapidly and is still in continuous development and progress.
In this article, we will learn about this amazing specialization and the future of its study.
List of Topics
1 What is Biomechanics?
biomechanics : It is the science that is concerned with the study of interactions between living organisms and mechanical systems in all fields such as animals, plants and living organisms of all kinds, and its study indicates knowledge of the mechanism of movement and interactions of organs of the human body such as the skeleton, muscle, tissues and organs.
Biomechanics is a branch of medical engineering and is concerned with the study of mechanical and biological systems of the movement of the human body and understanding the mechanism of movement of organs, bones and cartilage, using mechanical devices and medical systems that are concerned with the medical diagnosis of humans,
There is also extensive communication between it and mechanical engineering, To analyze the interaction of the human body with the surrounding environment, which can be achieved by making many simple and complex movements to carry out his various duties, Research in this field dates back to the Renaissance, Biomechanics was more known in the twentieth century.
2 The importance of biomechanics
It helps the individual to master motor performance at the required level, It also helps him understand the correct movements and practices he performs and how to perform them properly.
They also give the individual a sense of moderate posture, And instruct him to make good use of the limbs of the body in an ideal way, The individual can evaluate his movements in terms of their impact on physical formation and troubleshoot errors and their causes, In addition, it helps athletes to reach the best results in the use of their bodies by applying the principles and laws of kinetic mechanics.
- Biological Sciences: This department is concerned with the studies of the mechanics of human, animal and plant interactions and all related fields.
- Engineering and Applied Sciences: A biomechanical engineer applies mechanics research to different situations in bioapplied science.
- Environmental and human factors: understand how mechanics is used in human movements of various conditions, and workplace, and designs and functional processes.
- Exercise and Sports Science: Understand and apply mechanics to human performance in athletics and sports.
- Health Sciences: Understand how to find, treat and prevent the causes of injury and use mechanics to design rehabilitation programs and equipment.
The mechanics also contributed to the provision and design of the latest sports equipment and tools, as it designed shoes for sports players, as they were designed in a way that is capable of absorbing shocks and controlling, It also contributed to the design of various devices found in sports connections.
It also contributed to the design of implantable artificial organs, Such as artificial hearts, arteries, small diameter blood vessels and a lot of industrial equipment.
3 What are the applications of biomechanics?
Now, through our understanding of the concept of mechanics, we understand that it is the science that is concerned with the study of human movement and its interaction with the environment, and its applications come in the daily practices practiced by man, which are countless and innumerable and enter into many different sciences.
Now let me look at some examples of areas where biomechanics is commonly used.
Biomechanics of bones and cartilage
Biomechanics is involved in understanding the mechanism of movement and the common reactions of the human body such as articular cartilage, and soft tissues, and upper limbs, and spine, And the manufacture of equipment and devices that are used to analyze and understand movement to perform the functions of tissues and organs in the human body while walking and carrying out daily activities.
One of the common engineering disciplines in this specialty is biomedical engineering, which combines engineering and medical concepts for the design of medical devices.
Many improved mechanical engineering systems have also been developed and designed in the transplantation and manufacture of bones and cartilage, and the bioengineer cooperates with orthopedic doctors to apply biomechanical concepts in the human body to provide artificial organs to treat damaged bone problems in patients.
Sports and athletics.
Biomechanics is involved in the study of the biological reactions of the human body during the practice of sports and athletics, and sports teams often recruit bioengineers to study the movements, forces and interactions of players and understand the regular movements of players’ bodies during exercise.
An example of understanding biological studies of the human body is when swinging a baseball bat or golf bat in baseball and understanding the movements of the human body twisting in strange and irregular ways. Individual teams and/or athletes often hire scientists and therapists well versed in mechanics to study the movement of athletes.
Or use slow-motion cameras to study the angles and forces that go into each movement of players while exercising.
Health and Applied Sciences
Biomechanics is also involved in the search for solutions to health problems that humans are exposed to, understanding the causes of injury, how to treat and prevent them, and understanding how to design systems and devices specialized in solving health problems.
A bioengineer is the one who designs and manufactures the medical equipment used in rehabilitation.
4 What are the departments of biomechanics?
Biomechanics departments enter into many disciplines and fields, as they integrate biological and engineering concepts in biological and medical sciences, Among these specialties is the biomechanics of the heart and blood vessels, and the cell.
Among them are also disciplines that are concerned with the study of human movement, especially orthotics, Biomechanics includes many sections, which are the following:
First: Statics: It is the branch that examines the stillness of bodies under the influence of a group of influences called forces and statics called the science of equilibrium of bodies.
Second: Dynamics: It is the section that examines the movement of solid bodies:
Third: Kinematica: It examines the characteristics of motion from a geometric point of view and describes motion in an abstract manner without mentioning the forces causing it.
Fourth: Kinatica: It examines the forces that cause and alter motion.
Biomechanics has a special charm from the rest of the engineering sciences as it explains the daily practices that relate to the movement of bodies of all beings.
5 Is studying biomechanics difficult?
This major is one of the easiest disciplines in biophysics, As it is an application of classical mechanics in physics and an explanation of biophysical phenomena, if you find this specialization wonderful, it will be a wonderful specialization and suitable for you.
All engineering disciplines are not easy, but if you tend to study biomechanical concepts to understand, manufacture and design medical equipment for vital organs, this specialization will be for you.
Does biomechanics have a future?
As we mentioned above, it is a newly established science, but it has a great and promising future because of its great impact on human life and the provision of new artificial organs that serve medicine and humanity in treatment.
It also helps to understand the correct practices of the movement of the human body clearly and in detail to avoid falling into any health problem due to the incorrect practices of the human body, and this science is constantly developing and has a great future in the coming days.
6 What are the requirements and conditions for studying biomechanics?
Among the conditions required by the College of Engineering to study this specialization are the following:
- The average of the general secondary certificate must be greater than 95%, and the percentage of the average varies according to the university you will join.
- The student should be able to pass the admission test that focuses on scientific subjects such as mathematics, physics, chemistry and English.
- The student’s level of English must be advanced and have a TOEFL certificate.
These are the most important conditions required by engineering colleges to accept the student to study this specialization.
Biomechanics Study Requirements
But if you want to know what are the requirements that must be met in order for the study of this specialization to be easy, it is the following:
To study this specialization requires you to be familiar with the mechanical foundations of muscular and biological activity, And know the kinetic laws of the human body and the link between the internal and external forces acting on the body.
It is also a requirement to study biomechanics, which is the broad background in the medical fields, understanding the problems that the vital body is exposed to, and understanding the solutions that help you solve the vital problems of the human body.
7 What is the difference between biomechanics and biophysics?
Studying the movement of the human body and how the impact of external forces during exercise, forces and the interaction of bones, cartilage and members of the human body with fixed links, mechanics help humans to understand the practice of correct interactions and movements and provide devices and equipment specialized in rehabilitation and healing of damaged organs quickly by studying their injuries and providing the best ways to treat them.
It studies the smallest details and works to improve the fitness of athletes and the machines are designed according to biomechanical studies, That is why we say sport is an integral part of biomechanics.
Biophysics is the science that is concerned with the application of physical concepts and principles to the human body and the understanding of mathematical analysis using computers and biological systems, its ultimate goal is to understand the structure, dynamics and biological interactions.
8 Pros of Biomechanics
Studying this specialization has many wonderful advantages that serve you as a specialist or serve the environment in which you work, and its most important advantages are the following:
- Injury prevention and treatment.
- Design of medical equipment.
- Improving performance in sports in players.
- Understand the correct practices of human body movement.
- Salaries for biomechanical engineers in the US have reached $179,000 and some fall to $55,000.
Also, one of the most important advantages of biomechanics is the study of injuries, how to solve them, prevent exposure to them and find the appropriate treatment for them, Applying them and studying the appropriate movements also helps to relieve pressure on the muscles and joints, leading to easier movement.
9 How many years of study in biomechanics?
The study of biomechanics varies from one university to another, but the number of academic years for this specialization in many universities is from four to five years and varies according to the curriculum provided by the university.
Biomechanics is also available in institutes and can be studied in most institutes for a period of 24 months, such as the French Polytechnic Institute.
10 What are the functions of biomechanics?
A graduate of this branch can work in the following fields:
- Health and safety consultant.
- Work in sports clubs.
- Design of medical equipment.
- Massage therapist.
- Yoga therapist.
- Manual processor.
- Acupuncture specialist.
- Medical physicist.
11 What is the study plan for biomechanics?
The study plan for this major varies from one university to another, as each university has a different curriculum and different subjects, so you can find out the study plan for this major from the university you are thinking of joining.
When studying biomechanics, the university will focus on teaching the student the biological and mechanical concepts of the human body during movement, By applying the principles of kinetic mechanics and reactive geometry of bodies.
In addition to learning how to measure limb movement, joint forces and muscle contractions during exercise or daily life, Using technology and sensors.
The curriculum will be divided into five years, and as we mentioned earlier, the study plan and compulsory subjects differ from one university to another, but I will explain to you what are the most important scientific subjects in the field of biomechanics, which are the following:
What are the basic subjects in biomechanics?
- Mechanical Engineering.
- Mechanics of the media.
12 Who are the leading companies in biomechanics?
One of the most important leading international companies in the manufacture of biomechanical equipment and biodevices is the following.
- VAY AG. Private Company.
- Nextiles Company.
- FIGUR8 Company.
- 3Helix, Inc Company.
- Nurvv. Company.
- Shiprah Biomedical Company.
- Royal Veterinary College.
- Panther Orthopedics.
Thus, we have learned about the future of studying mechanics, which is one of the most important engineering disciplines for the development of medical treatment in technology and devices, including three-dimensional imaging, computer modeling, nanotechnology, and many wonderful developments.
Learners of this specialty can develop more complex models of biomechanical behavior, leading to accurate predictions of the effects of mechanical forces on living systems and these developments will have a profound impact on the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders, and sports-related injuries, and other diseases.
Professionals in the field can also use biomechanical principles to design prosthetics and other medical devices with improved performance. At last Biomechanics will be used to study the biomechanics of animal movement, This provides new insights into animal behavior and movement.
I hope that I was able to deliver all the ideas for this wonderful specialization and the importance of studying it, and if there is a question or inquiry, you can leave a comment at the bottom of the article.