Types of artificial intelligence (AI) and its wide range in the development of intelligent machines that can think and act like humans. AI is divided into two main categories: Narrow AI (also known as weak AI) and general AI (also known as strong AI).
Narrow task-specific AI is the kind of AI found in most consumer products today. This type of artificial intelligence is used in tasks such as facial recognition, voice recognition, natural language processing, and image recognition.
General AI focuses on general tasks and is the type of AI found in research laboratories and scientific experiments. This type of artificial intelligence is used in tasks such as problem solving, planning, and decision-making.
Artificial intelligence is also divided into different subdomains, Such as machine learning, computer vision, natural language processing, robotics, and computer games. Each of these sub-domains has its own set of techniques and methods.
In this article, we will learn about artificial intelligence and all types of artificial intelligence that have been developed until today
List of Topics
1 What is Artificial Intelligence?
Artificial Intelligence (AI): It is enabling the machine to analyze data, and create solutions through certain algorithms that the machine is programmed on, to become able to reach a degree of approximation of human thinking.
It is distinctive that artificial intelligence is able to record data so that it can configure steps to reach a plan to solve problems that the machine is required to solve, Each type of artificial intelligence differs in its ability to deal with the problems it is required to solve. There are types that have the ability to make decisions individually, And types that are content to execute orders as they are.
Artificial intelligence (AI) is one of the areas that takes up a large part of the thinking of scientists, There are many researches, Artificial intelligence is defined as the ability of a machine to perform tasks performed by humans, The types of artificial intelligence in terms of the ability of the machine to perform human tasks are many, and this is what we will learn about in this article.
This division may have more to do with machine intelligence, And how she behaves with different situations.
Now we move on to know the types of artificial intelligence that have been developed by science so far.
2 What are the main types of artificial intelligence?
This type of artificial intelligence is used in a machine that executes some commands as programmed, In this case, the machine is unable to make decisions.
This type of artificial intelligence systems and machines is the most widespread at the present time and this type does not cause any harm to humans, This is because he is unable to make decisions on his own.
As for this type of artificial intelligence machines, they are programmed to carry out certain tasks and have the ability to make decisions that were the role of humans in the past, There are no actual machines as an example of this type.
Scientists have declared that the existence of this type of artificial intelligence threatens humanity, By equating the thinking of the machine with the human, The other type is the one in which the machine surpasses human thinking, And this is one of the types that will appear in the future.
A large number of scientists have predicted that artificial general intelligence, once developed to a certain extent, will be able to wipe out humanity.
3 What are the branching types of artificial intelligence?
Types of artificial intelligence are a specific division that has been developed by scientists so that they can determine the goal of each branch, The types of artificial intelligence have dealt with many areas of human life, Artificial intelligence is being used in the field of calculations to a large extent.
This is because artificial intelligence reduces the percentage of errors unlike humans, As well as the management of the medical field, The branches of artificial intelligence are constantly being developed, In order to obtain more services, And exploit it in a way that is beneficial to man.
1- Natural Language Processing:
It is the link between man and machine, by converting human language into commands that the machine can understand, due to the fact that the computer language differs significantly from the human language, as the language adopted for devices is the language of binary numbers, unlike the language of humans, and this processing has been developed to facilitate, and this type works in improving electronic services significantly.
This type of artificial intelligence is the most similar to humans, By making a human-like machine capable of interacting with humans, And carry out some human tasks with ease.
Man has been able to create a robot capable of mimicking human life to a large degree, This is done through the use of many technologies available in various types of artificial intelligence until the desired goal has been reached.
This is due to the role that the robot will provide to humans in the future after reaching the version capable of carrying out tasks that are difficult for humans to perform, These include tasks of dealing with objects outside the atmosphere in space, such as moving heavy objects in space.
3- Fuzzy logic:
It is one of the most complex types of artificial intelligence, Where a certain calculation system is followed in making medical decisions that need many arrangements to solve the problem, And also it is used in automatic gearboxes.
This type depends heavily on the ability of the machine to make some decisions individually without human intervention, This branch helps to solve many problems that need to be taken quickly to save human life, In this type, the machine relies on a set of constants that enable it to make the appropriate decision.
4- Expert Systems:
This type of expert artificial intelligence system used in computers, It relies on higher techniques than other types, as it is based on the exchange of human experiences to be able to make decisions and respond according to analyses of human behavior.
These types of artificial intelligence systems are able to learn from humans significantly, This makes the accuracy of its response and execution of tasks very accurate because this type integrates the ability of artificial intelligence, and human thinking.
This branch has been developed since its inception to because more than once, And scientists have come up with many advantages that we enjoy now, Expert systems are a tool for the transfer of human expertise, and turn them into solutions, It is widely used in the field of banking, where you analyze the data, and bank accounts.
5- Neural Network:
This type of artificial intelligence is relied on smart neurons, This type was produced by integrating both human ways of thinking with the machine so that it can respond, respond and interact with intelligence equivalent to human intelligence.
This species was developed, and its use in more than one field, Neural network systems are able to recognize humans such as faces and words by recording them beforehand. These special smartphones have been provided to enhance the privacy in these phones.
Artificial intelligence has accumulated many advantages, But it is not without flaws, There are a large number of types of artificial intelligence that cause danger to all of humanity, This is because machines can take over the world through self-reflection.
This could cause it to destroy humanity completely, This is what a number of artificial intelligence scientists expected, but this type that causes concern to scientists has not been reached, Scientists have not been able to develop it sufficiently for concern, But man has to beware.
6- Computer vision:
It is an important type of artificial intelligence concerned with manufacturing high-quality applications in image storage, As well as converting them to videos, Among the advantages that computer vision provides is image restoration, And also determine the orientation of the image.
This type of system is used in many areas of artificial intelligence to improve images, videos, text and many more uses.
7- Automated planning and scheduling:
The importance of artificial intelligence for this type of system depends on the arrangement to obtain a certain sequence so that it can find a solution to a problem, It is widely used in the field of practical experiments that are carried out more than once until the correct result is reached, It relies on robots to achieve this process.
8- Swarm intelligence:
This type ensures the autonomous behavior of a group of things, whether natural beings or types powered by artificial intelligence, Swarm intelligence is the way a group reacts in a certain way without a ruler administering this rule.
Achieving the goals of artificial intelligence to use this type of system has been achieved and developed to serve humanity, and there are many companies that have announced the development of mirage intelligence.
9- Virtual Agent:
A virtual agent is a type of artificial intelligence that is used to respond to traditional messages such as customer service, and similar actions that need the same responses repeatedly, This type is based on a database.
This type of artificial intelligence has been developed by many specialized companies to improve the user experience and provide an intelligent system that helps companies facilitate the implementation of their tasks, and the most important artificial intelligence companies that use this type are Microsoft and Amazon.
10- Self-driving vehicle
It is one of the applications of a type of artificial intelligence that enables cars to move on previously moving roads by recording road data.
11- Generative adversarial network
This type of machine learning is specific to the implementation of a set of data or images identical to real information, which is difficult for humans to know, So is the machine.
12- Supported Education
Reinforcement learning is to make the automated agent able to make the decision to determine the solution to the problem, This type does not need to enter certain information.
4 Types of Artificial Intelligence in Education
For artificial intelligence is divided into branches each branch of science has its own, So here are the types of artificial intelligence.
The role of artificial intelligence is data collection, and arrange them to find the solution to real problems, Where the data is tabulated in order to obtain a solution, Machine learning is a very important branch for humans. This is because this type is able to predict events by linking the amount of input it gets, And analyze it in a way that gives him expectations capable of providing real-life solutions.
Therefore, scientists were interested in developing this type in order to obtain effective results in solving the problems facing humans on a daily basis, This type is divided into 3 types:
- Supervised education.
- Unsupervised education.
- Enhance learning.
Education is deep:
One of the most human-treated types of artificial intelligence, It is relied upon in self-driving cars, As well as Facebook, this type depends on what is behind the algorithms, It analyzes data to find solutions to problems that need more than one step to solve.
This section compile information, And store it in a way that allows him to retrieve information when it is needed to be a quick way to form a decision, and solve the problem.
These are the most important types of artificial intelligence that have been used in education.
5 Types of artificial intelligence according to machine function
Types of artificial intelligence are divided according to the function performed by the machine into four sections, each section has a specific function on which the machine is built as a closed work system, Artificial intelligence is capable of solving many tasks.
The types of artificial intelligence are divided according to the function of the machine into the following types:
The reaction machine is one of the most important types of artificial intelligence capable of doing some specific tasks according to the software data for which it was developed, This species is unable to infer any future reactions.
That is, this type of machine is able to deal with the amount of data entered into it, Many machines that work with this type of artificial intelligence have been activated, The machines are programmed with specific algorithms that are able to give commands that the machine executes to obtain the desired results.
The machine in this type is only a means of implementation without adding anything new to the orders programmed on it, and there are many areas of artificial intelligence that use this type.
The second type with types of artificial intelligence is the specific memory and this type of machine depends on previously saved data, An example of this type of artificial intelligence is self-driving cars.
This type records old data, and use them in quick decision-making, Among the data that is recorded is the slope of the road, And the cities that the car will pass through, This species helps humanity immensely, By saving the information entered on the machine, And then refer to it again so that the machine is able to make a certain decision.
This process is highly dependent on the way information is entered.
Theory of Mind:
This type of artificial intelligence relies heavily on understanding, and analysis of human emotions, This type is likely to occupy a large space in psychology, But it has not been sufficiently developed yet.
But it is certain that this species will provide many services to humanity in the future, Especially in analyzing the emotions that a person feels, Explain behaviors that humans have failed to identify, This is due to the ability of the machine to read human feeling more clearly than man himself.
Self-perception is the fourth type of artificial intelligence that science has not yet been able to apply this type of machine, this may not be possible, In the future, however, research on this species may be promoted to develop production.
In this type the machine will be able to sense its presence, It also has the ability to make decisions individually, unlike other types in which the machine depends in one way or another on human existence, And this species represented a danger to human life.
Thus, we have learned about the most important types of artificial intelligence that have been used to develop effective solutions to help humans perform tasks.
Artificial intelligence is one of the areas in which a large number of people invest because of the services artificial intelligence provides to humans, through these types it can be said that artificial intelligence is able to replace humans in many situations.
Despite the positivity of its different types, artificial intelligence has a negative side that scientists fear, It can wipe out humanity, Many developments have been made in artificial intelligence that provide an opportunity for scientists to introduce it in many fields of science, including medical, industrial and commercial.
Artificial intelligence systems and techniques have helped provide many services that benefit humanity in addition to providing the most accurate solutions, The use of artificial intelligence is also characterized by a very low error rate.
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