Food Engineering is one of the most important engineering disciplines branching from the College of Engineering, which is interested in studying food development and food science, and in this article we will learn about what food engineering is, what are its departments, conditions for studying it, and all information related to food engineering.
The study of food engineering is of great importance to meet the needs of humanity for food and to combat the problems resulting from nothing but nutrition. The food problem is one of the basic problems facing the world throughout all ages, as it affects life itself and constitutes the incubating environment for most of the accompanying diseases that claim the lives of many people.
This problem is caused by multiple reasons related to the technical and scientific level of countries and the equitable distribution of food wealth and exploitation systems from which these countries suffer. In addition to exploiting many countries to impose an urban ban on many foodstuffs for political and possessive reasons.
In view of this importance in the stability of peoples and countries, attention has shifted to an academic level that studies the various aspects of this problem in order to find the best ways to deliver food of all kinds to consumers safely and safely.
This is done through the opening of university colleges specialized in food engineering in most countries of the world.
List of Topics
1 What is Food Engineering?
Food engineering is an engineering field that focuses on food science and biology in all fields and includes many food disciplines such as food science, agriculture, microbiology, chemistry, food technology and food processing to develop a complete chain of materials and their production according to global health quality standards.
That is, food engineering is concerned with the study of all engineering, industrial and environmental processes for the manufacture of raw materials, processing and preservation according to quality standards such as grains, fruits, vegetables, animal wealth, fish wealth, industrial wealth, food and all food fields.
Food engineering has become one of the most important projects and one of the largest mega projects necessary to feed and feed the world’s population, To avoid environmental and food disasters globally. Especially with the high rate of poverty and nutrition in many countries globally and the search for more effective ways to get their daily dose of nutrients.
2 Why is food engineering important?
The importance of food engineering lies in many things and I will try to summarize for you the most important things that make you understand the importance of food engineering major.
First: Solving the problem of food demand
As we know that food is one of the most important elements of life and together the progress of living throughout the ages, there must be a system to monitor the consumption power of food at the world level and provide solutions to the continuation of food production in all fields such as grains, fruits and food wealth, and here comes the role of food engineers to provide solutions to ensure and safety in the continuity of production and preservation.
secondly : Control of industrial and chemical products
Food engineering specialists are interested in monitoring food production and food commodities from the food industry according to quality standards to avoid falling into diseases and epidemics.
Thirdly: Food Equipment Design
One of the most important things that food engineers must do is to design food systems that comply with global health standards for industry, packaging and storage of products and use the correct methods of packaging and storage to count their destruction.
Fourthly : Attention to quality standards
Also, one of the things that food engineering specialists do is to monitor the production of foodstuffs, fruits and vegetables to ensure that expired food products are not sold or used in recycling to avoid environmental disasters and diseases resulting from the use of chemicals.
There are many important factors that explain to us the importance of this specialization as it combines engineering, microbiology and various physical and chemical sciences to monitor and ensure food production.
It is also responsible for studying the manufacturing tools for canned food and how to pack it and preserve it safely and properly so that it reaches the consumer without any pathological complications.
3 Is food engineering difficult?
When you ask about the difficulty of studying industrial engineering, you certainly want to know if the curriculum for industrial engineering is difficult or easy, but in order to hear the ideal answer that you want to know, there is no difficult major, but the difficulty lies in the educational curriculum offered by the university and the possibilities in providing laboratories to help understand the specialization.
Also, the industrial engineering major is an engineering discipline like architectural and civil engineering disciplines, so it is certainly interested in scientific, engineering and mathematical subjects to analyze data and food systems worldwide.
Food engineering is one of the easy disciplines among other engineering disciplines in terms of education, as it simulates the living reality of the environment and food and things you touch and know, not like other engineering disciplines such as mechatronics or artificial intelligence engineering, which are often studied about digital and technological things resulting from imagination.
That is, the study of food engineering depends mainly on the processing of various types of food that are accessible to everyone or at least to everyone.
4 What are the specialties of food engineering?
Food engineering overlaps with various other branches of engineering such as civil engineering, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering and chemical engineering, because the nature of its fields of use requires knowledge as much as possible of the general principles of these engineering, which directly affect the processes of food processing, stages of canning, marketing, quality control and safety.
Food Engineering Specialties
1 – Department of mechanization and tools:
It is a division concerned with the manufacture of equipment and devices specialized in food preparation, separators, mixing and others.
2- Department of Extractive Industries:
It is a department specialized in extracting active substances from various foods using natural physical separation methods such as distillation, condensation, filtration and the use of centrifugal property.
3- Manufacturing Industries Section:
It is a department that studies food industries such as cheese and dairy industry, for example.
4- Department of Synthetic Industries:
It is a department specialized in the formulation of integrated foods, baby nutrients and various foods such as.
- Grind grain.
- Pastry industry.
- Food Products
- Animal wealth
- Oil industry.
- and all industries and agricultural grains.
5 What are the admission requirements to study food engineering?
As we talked about previously, food engineering is one of the engineering disciplines that are concerned with food, and this means that it requires all the requirements that the College of Engineering is interested in, which are the following:
- The general secondary rate should be greater than 95%, depending on the university you want to enroll in and the system it provides.
- Pass the admission news to the university you will join.
- Your level of English must be advanced and have a TOEFL certificate.
Also, one of the things that is recommended for you to see to understand this major is the study of biology, physics, chemistry and all the fields that food engineering is interested in, It is preferable for the student to be familiar with the principles of these sciences and have a desire to expand and research them to serve his future specialization as a food engineer.
6 The relationship of food engineering with the rest of the branches of engineering
Due to the nature of the field in which food engineering specializes in manufacturing, preparatory and preservation processes for food, And the need to be familiar with food compounds and their physical and chemical properties.
For all these reasons, this engineering overlaps with mechanical, electrical, civil, natural sciences, biology, and chemistry engineering.
It differs from other engineering at the same time that it is very sensitive to any error as it directly affects the lives of people, large and small, and not their material property.
7 Study plan for faculties of food engineering.
Food engineering subjects are distributed among various physical, chemical and engineering knowledge and sciences, The total subjects taught in these colleges are as follows:
- Microbiology .
- Science of microbial reactions.
- Computer programming.
- Microprocessor applications.
- Engineering Economics.
- Foreign languages.
- Heat treatments.
- Physical properties of food.
- The science of food packaging.
- Descriptive geometry.
- Organic chemistry.
- Engineering drawing.
- Industrial Quality Control.
In addition to many other study materials that are distributed over the years of study.
8 Food engineering jobs?
Nutrition engineers can work in various food factories that are spread in all countries of the world and no country can be free of them at all, and the most important functions of food engineering work are the following:
- These engineers can work in different pharmaceutical laboratories that produce different nutritional supplements for adults and children.
- Work in diet food factories.
- Work in food preservation departments in laboratories: Where he supervises the processes of preserving and packaging them so as to ensure that they reach consumers in a healthy and safe manner, Free from all microbial and microbial contaminants.
- Work in food laboratories.
- Quality control of food manufacturing.
- Supervising the management of food stores.
- Work in microbiology laboratories.
- Work in health centers specialized in diets.
9 Which companies offer jobs for food engineers?
According to statements by Food Engineering, there are more than 13,500 food companies registered in the United States of America. Which provides humanitarian services and food giving at the level of the world and one of the most important companies that stated it is the following.
- Gerber، Nabisco.
- HJ Heinz.
- Blue Bell.
- Dean Foods.
- Fresh Express.
- Kraft General Foods
There are a lot of companies that receive engineers specialized in food engineering.
How much do nutrition engineers make?
The salaries of nutrition engineers vary according to the companies in which they work, whether they are private companies or affiliated with various public sector agencies in countries, and also belong to the state itself, whether it is a developed, developing or oil country.
For example, the salary of a nutrition engineer in the UK is around £30,000 per year.
10 The most important universities that teach food engineering:
- University of Delaware.
- University of Washington.
- James Madison University.
- Taft University
- Baylor University.
11 What are the pros and cons of food engineering?
As any university major, nutrition engineering has many pluses, At the same time, it is shrouded in some negatives.
Among the most important advantages of food engineering:
- It gives the nutrition engineer full knowledge of all types of canned food and how safe it is for human use.
- She has a wide field of work in various food factories and companies.
- Providing the most delicious food compatible with the needs of the body.
- Provide nutritious foods.
- Study plants and provide solutions for extinct plants.
- Water analysis and treatment to provide healthy water
- Less pesticide use
- Control of food products according to age for expiry validity.
- Flora and fauna grow faster.
- And many important benefits that the industrial engineering major is interested in.
Cons of food engineering:
There are no negatives in it, as it is a specialty to serve humanity and an important factor in environmental development worldwide.
12 Degrees awarded by food engineering faculties:
In Food Science and Microbiology, It is awarded to the student after completing the first university stage
In one of the specializations, after at least two years have elapsed from the engineer’s obtaining the bachelor’s degree.
It is awarded to distinguished master’s degree holders after submitting the necessary theses.
– Professor’s Certificate
It is awarded to the holder of a doctorate degree from some universities qualified to grant such a high degree, The doctor has strengthened his competence with a lot of research.
13 The most important international companies specialized in food industries:
- Associated British Foods.
- Burger King.
- General Mills
- Mcdonald ‘s.
- Kraft Heinz
In the end
Through what we have explained, we understand the exceptional importance of food engineering in our public life, as it relates to the safety of the food we eat, which constitutes neglect of it to public health complications that affect all members of society.
To the extent that nutrition engineers have extensive experience and awareness of the sensitive and dangerous responsibility placed on their shoulders, To the extent that the products of the companies they work for are of high quality and safety, At the same time, it achieves the wide spread of the products of these companies and increases confidence in their products, which is reflected in their profits and the salaries of their employees.